Motion Graphics – History Timeline and Type of Animation

Motion graphics timeline.png

Types of Animation

3D Animation

3D animation, also known as computer animation, is the most common in the modern times but It works in a different way to tradition cel animation, both require an understanding of similar principal of movement and composition, but the technique skillset is a lot different for each task, as the designer would not need great physical art work as it is all digital.

The frame rate is different to cell animation as during 3D animation, the motion is smooth. When  a character is completely still during the animation it looks like a mistake therefore when the character is standing still there should always be something moving. 3D animation, is more like playing with puppets than drawing, the animator moves the characters in a 3D programmer which controls all the body joints.

Stop Motion

Stop motions is the a of animation that uses real life models and objects to create movement when an photo is taken at each frame of the movement. When a lot of the photos are put together and put at a fast pace, it gives a sense of movement towards the characters and objects.

The most popular type of stop motion is Claymation. Working with clay allows the sculpture to manipulate characters; another form is also clay but folded on metal skeletons for more control and firm rigs. There are also other forms for stop motions such as, cardboard and puppets.

Cel Animation

Cel Animation is a traditional form of animation as it is made up from hand drawings called frames, and each frame is drawn by hand. In the past drawings of the sequence, they were drawn of a light table. The light allowed the animator to see the previous position of the drawings through the paper which allowed the animator to draw its next position accurately without guessing where parts would go. These types of animations were filmed at 24 frames per second.

An example of cel animation was Scooby doo movie 1970,  they had roughly 13,000 cartoon production cell, animation art pages.

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